The nature on Phu Quoc Island features a great diversity of species, some of them unique and endangered. The most prominent is the dugong, but it’s not alone.
Let’s start with an array of numbers about the fauna and flora of Phu Quoc Island:
More than 56,000 hectares of designated National Park area cover land and sea, harboring
929 plant species,
84 bird species,
125 species of fish,
132 species of mollusc,
62 species of seaweed and
43 mammal species.
Among the mammals there are six endangered species: the small-clawed otter, slow loris, pygmy loris, silvered langur, the crab-eating macaque and the stump-tailed macaque.
The marine part of the Phu Quoc National Park is home to the dugong, the only strictly herbivorous sea mammal in the world and the last surviving member of the once large family of dugongidae.
Most of the natural area of Phu Quoc Island consists of mountainous area with a total of 99 mountain peaks. Around 40% of the park are made up by lowland evergreen forests, which make a great natural habitat for a large diversity of plant species.
There are many butterflies around and if you walk through the forest with open eyes, you encounter a broad variety of bizarre insects. Most of the National Park area however is off-limits for visitors and guarded by strict men in green uniforms.
If you want to experience the nature first hand, you can take a walk through the forest, which ends at the shacks of some forest dwellers who live off the land and sell bamboo sprouts and other things on the market. The best spot with a nice forest path is near Ganh Dau.
There are three springs or streams, that are accessible for visitors:
The natural Suoi Tien or Fairy Stream.
The popular Suoi Tranh or Painting Stream.
Another option to experience the nature of Phu Quoc Island is to go snorkeling or even scuba diving at the southern archipelagos with one of the fishermen of An Thoi.